Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, and risk of type 2 diabetes in women.

Diabetes Care. 2004 Oct;27(10):2478-84. Rana JS, Mittleman MA, Sheikh J, Hu FB, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Barr RG, Camargo CA Jr. Channing Laboratory, 181 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115.

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation plays a key role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Increasing evidence points toward a role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. We wanted to determine the relation of COPD and asthma with the development of type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Nurses' Health Study is a prospective cohort study. From 1988-1996, 103,614 female nurses were asked biennially about a physician diagnosis of emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, and diabetes. RESULTS: During 8 years of follow-up, we documented a total of 2,959 new cases of type 2 diabetes. The risk of type 2 diabetes was significantly higher for patients with COPD than those without (multivariate relative risk 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-2.8). By contrast, the risk of type 2 diabetes among asthmatic patients was not increased (1.0, 0.8-1.2). The asthma results remained nonsignificant even when we evaluated diabetes risk by duration of asthma exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that COPD may be a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. Differences in the inflammation and cytokine profile between COPD and asthma might explain why COPD, but not asthma, is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes.




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