Attitudes to and application of the concept of overall cardiovascular risk: comparison of male and female primary care providers.

J Hum Hypertens. 2007 May;21(5):359-65
Baguet JP, Fiquet B, Yau C, Mounier-Vehier C.
Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Grenoble, service de cardiologie et HTA, Grenoble, France.

The aim of this observational study was to assess whether there were differences in perception of overall cardiovascular risk (OCVR) in hypertensive patients depending on the gender of the primary care provider (PCP).

We performed this study in 2003: 2979 male PCPs (MPCPs) and 562 female PCPs (FPCPs) participated throughout France. The patients included were hypertensive either treated or untreated, uncontrolled (blood pressure (BP) >or=140/90 mm Hg) with at least one other cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF) associated. OCVR of patients was both calculated according to French Agence Nationale d'Accréditation et d'Evaluation en Santé guidelines for uncontrolled hypertensive patients and subjectively estimated by the PCP as 'low', 'moderate', 'high' or 'very high'.

About 11 770 patients were included, mean age was 63.7+/-11.2 years and 54.1% were men. Mean BP was 157+/-13/90+/-9 mm Hg. According to French guidelines, the calculated OCVR was 'moderate' in 23.7% of patients, 'high' in 47.5% and 'very high' in 28.8%. The PCP perceived OCVR was that 9.1% of patients were considered to be at 'low risk', 40.7% at 'moderate risk', 38.1% at 'high risk', and only 11.2% at 'very high risk' (OCVR was not estimated for 0.9% of patients). The overall agreement rate between the PCPs' estimation of OCVR and its calculation was 43.5%.

Thus, in spite of extensive diffusion of ANAES guidelines, we found that PCPs in France generally underestimated OCVR though there were no significant differences between male and female physicians (45% for FPCPs and 43.2% for MPCPs).




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